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在windows下pywin32模拟鼠标及键盘操作

Windows pywin32允许你像vc一样的形式来使用python开发win32应用。代码风格可以类似win32 sdk,也可以类似MFC,由你选择。如果你仍不放弃vc一样的代码过程在python下,这不错的选择。
利用pywin32可以自动化进行电脑操作。包括复制粘贴,鼠标移动,键盘输入等等。

一、pywin32常用函数
(1)获取鼠标位置
win32api.GetCursorPos()

(2)鼠标左键按下
win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN, 0, 0, 0, 0)

(3)鼠标左键放开
win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP, 0, 0, 0, 0)

(4)鼠标右键按下
win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN, 0, 0, 0, 0)

(5)鼠标右键放开
win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP, 0, 0, 0, 0)

(6)设置鼠标位置
win32api.SetCursorPos((x, y))

(7)键盘输入事件
win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[word], 0, 0, 0)
win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[word], 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)

二、封装接口
(1)获取当前鼠标位置
def cursor_point(self):
“””
获取当前鼠标位置
“””
pos = win32api.GetCursorPos()
return int(pos[0]), int(pos[1])

(2)鼠标左击事件
def mouse_left_click(self, new_x=None, new_y=None, times=1):
“””
鼠标左击事件
:param new_x: 新移动的坐标x轴坐标
:param new_y: 新移动的坐标y轴坐标1506240215
:param times: 点击次数
“””
self.mouse_move(new_x, new_y)
time.sleep(0.05)
while times:
win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN, 0, 0, 0, 0)
win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP, 0, 0, 0, 0)
times -= 1

(3)鼠标右击事件
def mouse_right_click(self, new_x=None, new_y=None):
“””
鼠标右击事件
:param new_x: 新移动的坐标x轴坐标
:param new_y: 新移动的坐标y轴坐标
“””
self.mouse_move(new_x, new_y)
time.sleep(0.05)
win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN, 0, 0, 0, 0)
win32api.mouse_event(win32con.MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP, 0, 0, 0, 0)

(4)移动鼠标位置
def mouse_move(self, new_x, new_y):
if new_y is not None and new_x is not None:
point = (new_x, new_y)
win32api.SetCursorPos(point)
self.x = new_x
self.y = new_y

(5)键盘输入文本
def key_input(self, input_words=”):
for word in input_words:
win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[word], 0, 0, 0)
win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[word], 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)
time.sleep(0.1)

(6)键盘输入事件
def key_even(self, input_key):
win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[input_key], 0, 0, 0)
win32api.keybd_event(VK_CODE[input_key], 0, win32con.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0)
time.sleep(1)

 

VK_CODE对应按键码

VK_CODE = {
    'backspace':0x08,
    'tab':0x09,
    'clear':0x0C,
    'enter':0x0D,
    'shift':0x10,
    'ctrl':0x11,
    'alt':0x12,
    'pause':0x13,
    'caps_lock':0x14,
    'esc':0x1B,
    'spacebar':0x20,
    'page_up':0x21,
    'page_down':0x22,
    'end':0x23,
    'home':0x24,
    'left_arrow':0x25,
    'up_arrow':0x26,
    'right_arrow':0x27,
    'down_arrow':0x28,
    'select':0x29,
    'print':0x2A,
    'execute':0x2B,
    'print_screen':0x2C,
    'ins':0x2D,
    'del':0x2E,
    'help':0x2F,
    '0':0x30,
    '1':0x31,
    '2':0x32,
    '3':0x33,
    '4':0x34,
    '5':0x35,
    '6':0x36,
    '7':0x37,
    '8':0x38,
    '9':0x39,
    'a':0x41,
    'b':0x42,
    'c':0x43,
    'd':0x44,
    'e':0x45,
    'f':0x46,
    'g':0x47,
    'h':0x48,
    'i':0x49,
    'j':0x4A,
    'k':0x4B,
    'l':0x4C,
    'm':0x4D,
    'n':0x4E,
    'o':0x4F,
    'p':0x50,
    'q':0x51,
    'r':0x52,
    's':0x53,
    't':0x54,
    'u':0x55,
    'v':0x56,
    'w':0x57,
    'x':0x58,
    'y':0x59,
    'z':0x5A,
    'numpad_0':0x60,
    'numpad_1':0x61,
    'numpad_2':0x62,
    'numpad_3':0x63,
    'numpad_4':0x64,
    'numpad_5':0x65,
    'numpad_6':0x66,
    'numpad_7':0x67,
    'numpad_8':0x68,
    'numpad_9':0x69,
    'multiply_key':0x6A,
    'add_key':0x6B,
    'separator_key':0x6C,
    'subtract_key':0x6D,
    'decimal_key':0x6E,
    'pide_key':0x6F,
    'F1':0x70,
    'F2':0x71,
    'F3':0x72,
    'F4':0x73,
    'F5':0x74,
    'F6':0x75,
    'F7':0x76,
    'F8':0x77,
    'F9':0x78,
    'F10':0x79,
    'F11':0x7A,
    'F12':0x7B,
    'F13':0x7C,
    'F14':0x7D,
    'F15':0x7E,
    'F16':0x7F,
    'F17':0x80,
    'F18':0x81,
    'F19':0x82,
    'F20':0x83,
    'F21':0x84,
    'F22':0x85,
    'F23':0x86,
    'F24':0x87,
    'num_lock':0x90,
    'scroll_lock':0x91,
    'left_shift':0xA0,
    'right_shift ':0xA1,
    'left_control':0xA2,
    'right_control':0xA3,
    'left_menu':0xA4,
    'right_menu':0xA5,
    'browser_back':0xA6,
    'browser_forward':0xA7,
    'browser_refresh':0xA8,
    'browser_stop':0xA9,
    'browser_search':0xAA,
    'browser_favorites':0xAB,
    'browser_start_and_home':0xAC,
    'volume_mute':0xAD,
    'volume_Down':0xAE,
    'volume_up':0xAF,
    'next_track':0xB0,
    'previous_track':0xB1,
    'stop_media':0xB2,
    'play/pause_media':0xB3,
    'start_mail':0xB4,
    'select_media':0xB5,
    'start_application_1':0xB6,
    'start_application_2':0xB7,
    'attn_key':0xF6,
    'crsel_key':0xF7,
    'exsel_key':0xF8,
    'play_key':0xFA,
    'zoom_key':0xFB,
    'clear_key':0xFE,
    '+':0xBB,
    ',':0xBC,
    '-':0xBD,
    '.':0xBE,
    '/':0xBF,
    '`':0xC0,
    ';':0xBA,
    '[':0xDB,
    '//':0xDC,
    ']':0xDD,
    "'":0xDE,
    '`':0xC0}
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